Soft tissue surgery

Soft tissue surgery at the veterinary hospital
What is it ?
A surgery that is performed on all tissues other than bones and joints. It can range from simple sterilization to complex abdominal surgery.

Here are a just a few examples of soft tissue surgeries offered. Do not hesitate to contact us if your pet needs a surgery that is not listed below.


Mass excision involves removing a tumor with enough healthy tissue around to eliminate or lessen the chance that the tumor will return.

An umbilical hernia is a deficit in the musculature of the abdomen near the navel. This deficit allows the abdominal fat or other organs (such as the intestines or the spleen) to become herniated under the skin. It can often be identified by a bump around the belly button. If an organ becomes trapped, the situation becomes urgent because the organ could become necrotic, thereby causing the death of your animal. 

An umbilical hernia is corrected by closing the deficit with sutures.

Pyometra is an infection in the uterus. An infection can often occur a few weeks after the last heat. During a heat, the cervix opens to allow bleeding, but it can also allow bacteria to progress to the uterus.  Possible symptoms are purulent secretions from the vulva, vomiting, anorexia, drinking more, urinating more, a swollen abdomen and a lethargic state. This is a surgical emergency because the infection can progress to the blood or the abdomen and, consequently, cause death.  Treatment consists of emergency uterine removal and intravenous antibiotic therapy. If the surgery is done quickly, the chances of success are excellent. Prevention is the key, and sterilization at a young age (before 2 years old) is recommended.  The older the animal becomes, the greater the risk of infection.

Some breeds are more susceptible to dystocia (difficulty expelling fetuses). Breeds that have a big head and a small pelvis such as Bulldogs, Pugs, and Bostons are the breeds that most often require caesareans. The number of fetuses can also play a role. The fewer the fetuses, the more likely they will be large and therefore a cesarean section will be required. Occasionally, there are fetuses that are abnormally positioned (folded in half, for example) so no race is immune to a complication during delivery. A fetus that has entered the pelvic canal must leave rapidly because if it becomes stuck there, it could die after 20 to 30 minutes. The best way to determine whether a cesarean section will be necessary is an X-ray at 58 to 60 days of gestation. Your veterinarian will then know the number of puppies expected and verify that they will be able to safely pass through the pelvic canal. A cesarean section, if necessary, can be scheduled instead of waiting and increasing the risk of losing the puppies. A cesarean section involves incising the uterus and removing each fetus with its placenta. Subsequently, the uterus is sutured.
A cystotomy is to open the bladder to extract stones or, occasionally, a mass. Once this task has been completed, the bladder is then tightly closed with sutures. The symptoms associated with stones in the bladder are blood in the urine, urinating more frequently in small amounts, as well as pain during urination. When the stones are removed, they are sent to the laboratory for analysis. With the results of the analysis, your veterinarian will recommend a treatment plan in order to reduce the risk of recurrence.


Share This